Monty McCutchen: Basketball Signals and Mechanics are made in an aerobics room

signals and mechanics are made in an aerobics room
Basketball signals and mechanics are crucial to our success as basketball referees. The stakeholders in the game want the game officials to be confident and consistent. They want referees who will administer the game efficiently and with purpose.  This is what we are all about at abetterofficial.com.
  • Monty McCutchen was considered to be at the very top level of NBA basketball officials. He moved into NBA management in 2018. For basketball officials the phrase holds true, “When Monty speaks, I listen!”

    “When Monty speaks, I listen!” Monty McCutchen:

    “As we get into presence on the floor though, we are going to move into the subject of projection. Projection on the floor is what defines our presence, at least in regards to refereeing the actual game.
    Projection starts long before you actually get to the game. It all starts with your signals. Basketball signals and mechanics are a hard-fought battle won in an aerobics room. They are not won anywhere else other than well in advance of the actual event. Projection is the performance of the hard work you put in into the aerobics room.

    I used to practice probably close to an hour a day. In the aerobics room, I use both the space and the mirrors to see your signals and how they look from front? How do they look from the side and even how they look from back? You can look back through various degrees of how the mirrors work. You can work on your pacing. “Alright I’m on the left side of the goal here and I’m going to present to a table with on my right. Do I want to walk around players and give off the impression that I’m scared of them? Or, am I going to cut through the lane and and go directly to the table?”
    Now, I realize I’m giving you an example from a pro mechanics standpoint that may or may not apply to each in one of your conferences. If you have a conference supervisor that tells you to go up and around players then of course that’s what you do.

    Presence and projection is ultimately about strength.

    My point is is that you should have practiced this to know what you want to do and then know how to fit it in to what the supervisors desires are. Smart people can make quick adjustments when their supervisors ask them for new things. If the supervisors are leaving some of this up to you, getting to the table in the most direct manner gives a presence of strength.
    Presence and projection is ultimately about strength.
    You can’t have that without will and so you’re in that aerobics room and you’ve put in the hours upon hours of presentation. You know exactly when you want to start your signals. By that I mean you should know when to start your signals so that you know how long it’s going to take to finish your signals. I like to start and project my basketball signals and mechanics with my voice. I always start my signal in a way that allows me to finish my signal where I want to finish knowing where the ball is. By that I mean if I’m going to be at the 28 foot mark for free throws, I want my signals and mechanics finishing up just about the time I hit the 28 foot mark. Then, all I have to do is turn around and now begin my administration of the free-throw with my responsibilities as the new Trail, whatever those may be.

    We do not want an erosion of confidence

    I don’t want to finish my signal and be at the spot where I’m supposed to be and have to continue giving my signals and mechanics. I don’t want to give my signal and then have that look like, “Oh wait! Now I got to get over to the slot or Center position.”
    I do NOT want to, as a result have that sort of hesitant look, to have people thinking I don’t know where I’m going to finish up. That is a presence and a projection issue, that although isn’t tangible, is very real. A coach or administrator may not say “Man, he looks confused,” those words may not actually come out. But, there is an erosion of confidence in people that have that hesitant look when they finish their signals and don’t know exactly what their next position is supposed to be.
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    Check out this video that follows up on Monty’s thoughts:

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Basketball referee get your game video via email. Proven Method!

a better official

 

Basketball Referee get your game video!

Basketball Referee get your game video! The number one tool for rapid improvement as a basketball official is breaking down and analyzing game video. The first step in that process is getting your game video. That’s what we’re going to cover today.

It’s important to understand have a mindset that every single game that you’ve worked in the high school season is on video and that that video is online. You just need a link!

Coaches in the San Francisco Bay Area use Hudl Krossover or YouTube online video services which their games are posted to. We need to get a link of that video!

This is a simple process, but takes a little detective work. Unlike preparing DVD mailers to provide to coaches, there’s no cost to us involved.

all i need to do is invest some time. i need to invest time in order to get my game video.

The first step in the process is I need the coach’s email addresses. These are almost always available online.

We just need to do some detective work. Ninety-five percent of all the games you work you’re going to work games for coaches whose email addresses are on the school website. Let’s go garner that information and then we’re going to send them an email.

the email process of course has no cost.

the other benefits of it are:

  1. we can follow up we could follow up with the coaches if we haven’t gotten the email
  2. we’ve started a process a dialogue that gives us the ability to go back and say hey coach i haven’t got the link yet if there’s any chance we could get it? etc etc right

With a DVD we don’t have that connection. i’ve handed out a DVD i just have to wait and hope.

when I email the video request I have more power in the arrangement.

  1. Online video is going to offer me higher quality video for downloading almost always.
  2. it’s easily shareable I can share links to my partners on the game and this is very important as well.

Getting it Done

  • step #1: We have to find the coach’s email address
  • step #2: Prepare an email that is professional. (It is standard operating procedure; just business.)

the first thing we need to do is search the school’s athletics page find the basketball tab and identify the coach drilling down for De La Salle down at the bottom of the page that’s where they have their sports click on basketball it’s a boys school so here’s our head coach information so

What I’m going to do is I’m going to put that into my contacts so that the next time I have a game for that coach I won’t have to do the research all over again so in gmail contacts I have the coach use a little coding so that if I know the school name I can just enter that don’t have to remember the coach’s name.

find the opponent in the game granada drill down they have a coaches tab find the coach in question is the same nomenclature to enter the info.

Now we need to compose an email.

The first thing I’m going to do is I’m going to enter both coaches’ email addresses in the same email, but I’m going to put it as a blind CC as I wouldn’t want one coach to think “oh, I won’t reply because the other coach will probably reply etc”

so it’s blind CC it’s the two coaches this is you know something along the lines of what we would use for the language of the email so you know basically the same requesting game video

try to provide as much detail as possible about the opponent and the date and do that accurately so we want to make it as easy as possible for them to reply so they get the email they say the game on the 17th they can go to their Hudl, Krossover or YouTube account and quickly and easily forward us the game link.

so always want to be professional I began professional courtesy just asking for a link

when we get a YouTube link, of course, we’re going to have to go through some sort of downloading software to download a youtube link.

i personally use wondershare all my tube. there’s a free version paste the link downloads the file high quality video excellent

Hudl. very popular usually the coach will just forward the email that they’ve received so you’ll have a link there. follow the link and it just starts downloading

Krossover it’s usually just sent as a link like this very straightforward click brings up the video and then we just click the download link here and we’re good to go.

all right there you have it we’ve given you the tools to contact coaches and get video links sent to you here’s the fantastic news starting today you can go back retroactively for the current basketball season and email coaches for video.

you’d be surprised how quickly you will get video of your game so we have to invest time to go get the email addresses etc.

takes a little while to do that but the returns are fantastic

I challenge you today if you haven’t already done so go back to the games from one month ago start their league games email the coaches requesting a link. we’re requesting a link from both coaches.

Our chance of return is fantastic you will get videos of your games almost immediately.

One of the keys is be professional. it’s just a professional courtesy it’s just business don’t engage with the coach about the quality of officiating on the game your partner or set anything.

all I’m requesting is link to the video of the game: coach, we use video to improve as officials and it’s really important to us if you could send us a link that would be fantastic.

alright I hope you take this information to heart and you take action immediately.

this is a powerful tool.

this is a new reality all of our games are on video. they’re all online. coaches have access and i have found that they are more than willing to share. they want to help us get better as well. take advantage of that reality and let it shape your future actions it’s a new world video is available get it improve your officiating by analyzing your game video

all right thanks again thanks for watching five minutes on officiating.

How to officiate restricted area plays. NCAA women’s basketball [2018]

how to officiate restricted area plays

How do we officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball?

When it comes to how to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball, understanding the roles and responsibilities for each position on the crew is critical for getting these plays right.

There are three parts in this video:

  1. Is an excerpt from the preseason video of a couple years ago. June Corteau goes through some RA plays and proper mechanics etc
  2. An animated video produced by NCAA which will diagram explicitly the LDB and aspects of RA plays
  3. We’ll go to some plays from my games and I’ll talk about what we need to do as officials as a crew to get these plays right alright let’s get started

June Corteau covers How to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball:

  • “The restricted area is in effect when the player with the ball starts or moved to the basket outside the LDB. The restricted area is not in effect when the player with the ball starts or moved to the basket inside the LDB.
  • A secondary defender is considered to be in the restricted area when any part of either foot is in or above this area.
  • In all fast-break situations all defensive players are initially secondary defenders until they establish legal guarding position outside the RA.
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On this Center side drive three red beats her primary defender and charges into the secondary defender who is located in the restricted area to take a charge. the Lead official calls the blocking foul and points to the RA. the Center is responsible for the primary defender on the backside of this play. great call and accurate signal.

Play 1

the highlighted secondary defender did not establish initial legal guarding position before her opponent has left the floor. she is late on this play. blocking is the correct call. the official displays the correct blocking signal and even though the secondary defender is in the RA the official correctly does not point to the RA. remember when you point to the RA you are saying that the secondary defender is illegal only because she is in the RA. this secondary defender is illegal because she did not establish legal guarding position prior to the offensive player leaving the floor. good call!

Play 2

The highlighted secondary defender does not establish initial legal guarding position outside the RA when the illegal contact occurs. This is a blocking foul for being in the restricted area to take a charge. when the illegal contact occurred on this play if the defender would have been outside the RA this would have been a player control foul. it is important that we show the correct signal on these types of plays to communicate to our partners players coaches and media why this is a blocking foul. when calling a blocking foul on a secondary defender because she was located in the restricted area on a play that originated outside the LDB the calling official must sound the whistle and raise one hand fist clenched and show a blocking signal then point to the RA. 

Play 3

The highlighted offensive player receives the ball and makes her move to the basket inside the LDB the RA is off this is a straight up block charge play. 50 purple gets to the spot first and establishes initial legal guarding position. the offensive player charges into the legal defender. This is a player control foul. the Lead referees the players in his primary area and has a great view of the defender and the offensive player. accurate call and quality mechanics!”

 

Animated Instructional Portion How to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball:

The Lower Defensive Box also referred to as the LDB is an imaginary box on the floor that uses four marks the two tick marks on the endline and both second Lane space marks on the free-throw Lane as reference points this box is used to determine a player control or blocking foul on a secondary defender located in the restricted area when a player with the ball starts her move from within the LDB there is no restricted area otherwise when a player with the ball starts her move from outside the LDB the restricted area rule is still in effect. Let’s illustrate the rule first with plays that originate from outside the Lower Defensive Box.

Play 1

White 34 is outside the LDB when she starts her move to the basket. she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who had established legal guarding position outside the restricted area. This is, and always has been, a player control foul on white 34 because blue 10 had established a legal guarding position outside the restricted area.

in this play white 34 again is outside the LDB when she starts her move to the basket she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who had established her initial guarding position inside the restricted area and remained in the restricted area. This is a blocking foul on blue ten because she established an initial guarding position in the restricted area on a player who was outside the LDB when she started her move to the basket this has been the rule since 2011. now let’s look at plays that start from within the Lower Defensive Box.

Play 2

White 50 has the ball inside the LDB when she starts her move to the basket. she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who has legally established an initial guarding position outside the restricted area. This is and always has been a player control foul on White 50 because blue 44 had established a legal guarding position in this play.

White 50 has the ball inside the LDB when she starts her move to the basket she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who has established an initial guarding position inside the restricted area. This is a player control foul on White 50 because she started her move to the basket from within the LDB and created the illegal contact on a legally established defender. A player is considered to be inside the LDB when either foot is on or within the box.

White 50 is straddling the LDB when she starts her move to the basket she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who legally established an initial guarding position inside the restricted area. This is a player control foul on White 50 because she started her move to the basket from within the LDB and created the illegal contact on a legally established defender.

 

 

Greg Austin: How to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball

The 2018 camp teaching points will be our guidance.

Our most important thing as the calling official is to just is judge the legal status of the player regardless of the line. If we can perceive the line then that’s fantastic, but first we have to just make the judgment about the players status whether they have legal guarding position. Call the play on its merits — that is job number one.

The problem is that officials are locking up — brain cramping — because they’re in doubt. They’re not sure of the position of the feet. Their brain is ultra processing and they end up making no call or the wrong call because they are tied in knots mentally.

So here is our guidance: you are freed up from any responsibility of the line make the call. Call the play on its merits and let the crew help us get the call right.

 

 

Trail is not absolved on a Center side drive. They often have the open look as to where the position of the feet of the secondary defender are.

Outside LDB as well, as the legality of the secondary help defender. The Trail and Center are responsible to have an open look on the defenders feet.

Play breakdown:

Play 1

Crew rotates great position secondary defender takes the charge right she’s clearly in the RA. This is a transition play. Calling official could easily signal from here. We want to get in their path and communicate what we have. “Partner her left foot was in the arc.” Make definitive statements. We get the play right as a crew. This is a big success for us. Lead official could come with their biggest punch — it doesn’t matter. We want to get plays right. In this situation this is an RA play and we get it right.

Play 2

Center official stays with the play. This is a pass and crash play. The arc is still in effect and the calling official accurately judges that the player had established her position. 2 feet on the floor facing the opponent prior to the offensive player going airborne. Calling official makes the determination.

The non-calling officials are responsible to know that the player was in the arc and relay that information. Here, that’s what we do as a crew.

If you are the non-calling official and have information, get in the path of the calling official. We are going to make a change to this call. We want to get to it as soon as possible. Get into the path of where they want to go. 

If you are the calling official and another official is coming to you in this fashion then start to process. say “OK, they obviously have information for me.” information is given. correct procedure then is to crack indicate so that everybody knows what we have. it was a pass & crash situation, so we’d only be shooting if it was in the bonus. 

That end this post on how to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball.

 

NFHS 2-Person Three Point Coverage

One of the most inconsistent areas of 2-person mechanics is three point coverage.

3 point coverage in basketball officiating is an inconsistent area for 2-person mechanics. Most officials learn mechanics from other officials and think you are doing it properly. The resource that tells all is the NFHS Officials Manual. Today we will review 2-person mechanics for three point coverage. One of the most inconsistent areas of 2-person mechanics is three point coverage. Most officials learn mechanics from other officials and think you are doing it properly.

The resource that tells all is the NFHS Officials Manual.

Today we will review 2-person mechanics for three point coverage.One of the most inconsistent areas of 2-person mechanics is three point coverage. Most officials learn mechanics from other officials and think you are doing it properly. The resource that tells all is the NFHS Officials Manual. Today we will review 2-person mechanics for three point coverage.One of the most inconsistent areas of 2-person mechanics is three point coverage. Most officials learn mechanics from other officials and think you are doing it properly. The resource that tells all is the NFHS Officials Manual. Today we will review 2-person mechanics for three point coverage.

 

Today we will review 2-person mechanics for three point coverage.One of the most inconsistent areas of 2-person mechanics is three point coverage. Most officials learn mechanics from other officials and think you are doing it properly. The resource that tells all is the NFHS Officials Manual. Today we will review 2-person mechanics for three point coverage.One of the most inconsistent areas of 2-person mechanics is three point coverage. Most officials learn mechanics from other officials and think you are doing it properly. The resource that tells all is the NFHS Officials Manual. Today we will review 2-person mechanics for three point coverage.

Avoid missed rotations as Trail. 3-person mechanics.

avoid missed rotations trail

Avoid missed rotations Trail.

3 Person Mechanics.

Cues as the Trail to help you be in the right position at the right time.

Hello everybody, greg austin with abetterofficial.com. Over the weekend, while doing some three-person training, a couple of officials asked me how they could avoid missing rotations as Trail. That’s what we’ll be covering today: Trail action in three-person mechanics. Today on Five Minutes on Officiating. Stick around. Many officials, especially those who also do 2-person mechanics, find themselves as Trail watching the ball in the Center’s primary and missing rotations as a result.

Fixing the Problem

Let’s look at some of the cues we can give ourselves to prevent this. When the ball goes away from the Trail when the ball goes away into the Center’s primary as trail we need to:

  • look away
  • officiate away
  • move our body away.

We don’t want to see the ball caught in the Center’s primary. We should be officiating away while the ball is in flight. Take a step down and officiate players off-ball in this area. Trail will have an excellent look at what the Lead is going to do when the ball settles in the Center’s primary and can react accordingly when the Lead rotates. The Trail has a clearer view of them because their officiating off ball they see what’s going on. They have a direct look at the Lead because they did not follow the ball into the Center’s primary.

Lead Initiates a Rotation

When this occurs the Lead initiates a rotation the Trail is connected to the Lead the Trail and the Lead are tied together they move together the Center maintains their position and keeps the open look. Look at our position as a crew we have the to Center position Trail Center in transition. The ball is in the Center’s primary. The Center picks up the action. Once this action is picked up Trail looks off ball here.

Open Looks are Key

Picks up the rotation by the Lead here. Is in position as see to officiate this play. Ball gets swung when i have an open look on this play here all right Trail has on ball action is in good position the balls past to the centers primary. Trail looks away moves away when the ball goes into the Center’s primary. Make your first step as the trail a step down towards the end line. Look away officiate away!

Rotation is successfully picked up pass to the wing Center is in position for the catch. Sees the defender here here the Trail has dribbler and their primary defender the ball is passed into the Center’s primary. The Center has an open look on the play. Trail official looks away officiates away moves away. As if on a string tied to the Lead this is a great rotation. You Trail has on ball the balls passed into the Center’s primary. We’re expecting the Center to get an open look on this play.

One last thing

We expect the Trail official is going to officiate away move away pick up action here and pick up a possible rotation by the Lead. We have great position as a crew Trail has on-ball defender. The ball is passed to the Center’s primary. We expect the Center to move and receive the play with an open look. We expect the Trail official to not see this ball caught in the Center’s primary but rather officiate away and move away which is exactly what we get. Picks up the rotation get to official play.

Thanks for watching five minutes on officiating join the conversation with comments in the comment section below as always share this video with other officials who could benefit from it. Thank you.

 

Free Throw Positioning as Trail. 2-person.

Free throw positioning Trail

Free Throw Positioning as Trail. 2-person.

Free throw positioning Trail

The Video:

Free throw positioning Trail. NFHS rules in 2015-16 make it a violation for an opponent of a thrower to enter the semi circle, and make it a foul for
them to contact the thrower (if it is more than incidental contact) prior to the ball hitting the basket or the backboard.

Positioning

Free throw positioning Trail. all right let’s look at a couple of examples first off positioning where to stand as the trail and 2-person mechanics
manual says halfway between the nearer lane line and the sidelines so we’d want
to be about here and we want to be just behind the free-throw line so possibly
right about here on the court would be a good spot we’re responsible for these
two players on the lane and the thrower in two person were responsible as well
for players violating beyond the arc so we want to position ourselves so that we
can certainly see these three players to detect if they violate or not and
usually that’s gonna be have to be up a step I personally like to stand right
about here right about here it’s a good place to start

Responsibilities

all right
official properly has a silent count but you see when the ball is released raises
the hand and turns the shoulders right immediately blocking view of these
players here we’re now going to have to ensure that we open up our shoulders in
our body and officiate any players coming in who may violate the semicircle
another example now this official has a much better angle on the play very close
to the sidelines could step out onto the court a little bit but the angle to
officiate these players is crucial silent count and again he makes the same
mistake not in a position to judge this action here or whether whether there’s
any subsequent dislodgement let’s watch again the official turns is shoulders
basically which is going to be the kiss of death on this play with a hand raised
completely obscuring this action here you’re just not going to see it so we
have to take care of this business first all right

Free throw positioning Trail

this example our official is has a great angle on the play a little close to the
sideline notice the open look on the players here keeping the shoulders open stepping down
for rebounding action but not giving up on this responsibility here as well
bottom line we have more to do when we’re officiating the free throw we need
to make sure that our body position is such that we’re in the best position to
officiate the play when you break down the video of your game make sure to
check yourself how you’re doing positioning yourself to see what you
need to officiate don’t close yourself off make it a habit of staying open open
looks we love them if you found this useful give it a like share it too
officials who could benefit from it have a great day.