Rule: NFHS Rule 08

Rule 8-1

ART. 1 . . . When a free throw is awarded, the ball must be placed at the disposal of the free thrower (bounced) by the administering official and the free throw count must begin. Either or both teams may be charged with a violation.

ART. 2 . . . Following a time-out or intermission, the resumption-of-play procedure may be used to prevent delay. The administering official will sound the whistle to indicate play will resume. The ball must be placed at the disposal of the thrower or placed on the floor at the free-throw line and the count must begin. Either or both teams may be charged with a violation. Following a violation by one or both teams, if the offending team(s) continues to delay, a team technical foul must be ruled.

ART. 3 . . . If the ball is to become dead when the last free throw for a specific penalty is not successful, players must not occupy any spaces along the free-throw lane lines.

ART. 4 . . . During a free throw, lane spaces may be occupied as follows:

a. Marked lane spaces may be occupied by a maximum of two offensive players; four defensive players may occupy lane spaces.

b. The first marked lane spaces on each side of the lane, above and adjacent to the first lane-space marks, must be occupied by opponents of the free thrower. No teammate of the free thrower must occupy either of these marked lane spaces.

c. The second marked lane spaces on each side may be occupied by teammates of the free thrower.

d. The third marked lane spaces on each side, nearest the free thrower, may be occupied by the opponents of the free thrower.

e. Players must be permitted to move along and across the lane to occupy a vacant marked lane space within the limitations listed in this rule.

f. Not more than one player may occupy any part of a marked lane space.

ART. 5 . . . Any player, other than the free thrower, who does not occupy a marked lane space must be behind the free-throw line extended and behind the three-point line.

Rule 8-2

The free throw(s) awarded because of a personal foul must be attempted by the offended player. If such player must withdraw because of an injury or disqualification, his/her substitute must attempt the throw(s) unless no substitute is available, in which case any teammate may attempt the throw(s) as selected by the team captain or head coach.

Rule 8-3

The free throws awarded because of a technical foul may be attempted by any player of the offended team, including an eligible substitute or designated starter. The coach or captain must designate the free thrower(s).

Rule 8-4

The try for goal must be made within 10 seconds after the ball has been placed at the disposal of the free thrower at the free-throw line. This must apply to each free throw.

Rule 8-5

After a free throw which is not followed by another free throw, the ball must be put in play by a throw-in:

ART. 1 . . . As after a field goal, as in 7-5-7, if the try is for a personal foul other than intentional or flagrant, and is successful.

ART. 2 . . . By any player of the free-thrower’s team from out of bounds at the division line on the side opposite the scorer’s and timer’s table if the free throw is for a technical foul.

ART. 3 . . . By any player of the free-thrower’s team from the out-of-bounds spot nearest the foul if the free throw is for an intentional personal foul or flagrant personal foul.

Rule 8-6

ART. 1 . . . If a free throw for a personal foul, other than intentional or flagrant, is unsuccessful, or if there is a multiple throw for a personal foul(s) and the last free throw is unsuccessful, the ball remains live.

ART. 2 . . . If there is a multiple throw and both a single personal and single technical foul are involved, the tries must be attempted in the order in which the related fouls occurred, and if the last try is for a single technical foul, or intentional or flagrant personal foul, the ball must be put in play by a throw-in.

ART. 3 . . . If a false double foul involves any type of single foul and any type of double or simultaneous foul, play is resumed with the penalty for only the single foul, as if the double or simultaneous foul had not occurred (see 4-36).