Close this search box.

Basketball Rules Expert Podcast – Ep. 9 – A Better Official

Show Notes

A coach technical foul mean loss of privilege to stand and coach. Did we do things correctly? If a basketball referee needs to assess a Technical Foul to the Coach, we want to be correct by rule. In this final installment of our a multi-part series on Technical Fouls in National Federation of High School Basketball Rules, we cover Bench Technical Fouls.

This is the 4th episode in a multi-part series on Technical Fouls in National Federation of High School Basketball Rules. There is a link to the entire playlist here.

/*! elementor – v3.21.0 – 08-05-2024 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px}

test your rules knowledge

Special thanks to our Show Supporters:

• Chris Hirano (Mega Supporter)
• James Caine
• Philip Go

Subscribe to the channel if you are interested in being A Better Official. Our content is geared to the basketball referee who wants to improve as an official and take control of their officiating career.

Support the Show!

/*! elementor – v3.21.0 – 08-05-2024 */ .elementor-widget-text-editor.elementor-drop-cap-view-stacked .elementor-drop-cap{background-color:#69727d;color:#fff}.elementor-widget-text-editor.elementor-drop-cap-view-framed .elementor-drop-cap{color:#69727d;border:3px solid;background-color:transparent}.elementor-widget-text-editor:not(.elementor-drop-cap-view-default) .elementor-drop-cap{margin-top:8px}.elementor-widget-text-editor:not(.elementor-drop-cap-view-default) .elementor-drop-cap-letter{width:1em;height:1em}.elementor-widget-text-editor .elementor-drop-cap{float:left;text-align:center;line-height:1;font-size:50px}.elementor-widget-text-editor .elementor-drop-cap-letter{display:inline-block}

Enjoy the Show? Consider Buying us a Cup!


Click here to view Episode 9 of Basketball Rules Expert on YouTube.


Special thanks to:
Hair & Makeup: Rosie
Photography Best Boy: Grace
Sound Tech: Gus

Theme music: Parasail/ Silent Partner

Show Transcript

Player Technical Fouls – National Federation of High School Basketball Rules

Greetings everyone and welcome back to another episode of Basketball Rules Expert where we take the rules off the printed page, breathe life into them, amplify, clarify and simplify and give them back to you in an audio visual format so you could take them with you, onto the basketball court. My name is Greg Austin, with I’ve been a high school basketball official for over a decade and I’m a Basketball Rules Expert. This show is all about helping you become a Basketball Rules Expert, as well.

Support the Show!

Enjoy the Show? Consider Buying us a Cup!

in previous episodes of the series,we’ve covered administrative Technical Fouls. Substitute Technical Fouls and team technical pals. Today we’ll be covering player Technical Fouls. 

Before we begin, all personnel affiliated with the team. If they receive one flagrant Technical Foul. They are either disqualified or ejected, or if they receive two Technical Fouls. They are either disqualified or ejected. Students are disqualified to the team bench. Adults are ejected from the premises must leave the vicinity immediately and not have contact in any fashion with the team for the remainder of the game. Those are parameters. If a team receives a Technical Foul, it counts towards the Val count towards bonus if a team member gets a Technical Foul. That Technical Foul counts towards their two Technical Fouls towards disqualification also their five fouls towards disqualification and counts as a team foul towards bonus.

Bench Technical Fouls – National Federation of High School Basketball Rules

Greetings and welcome back to another episode of Basketball Rules Expert. The show where we lift National Federation of High School rules off of the printed page. breathe life into them. Simplify, clarify, amplify, give them back to you so that you can take them on the court and be a Basketball Rules Expert.
Hello again, my name is Greg Austin with and I have been officiating high school basketball for over a decade. I consider myself to be a Basketball Rules Expert. This show is all about helping you on your journey to becoming a Basketball Rules Expert as well.
Before we get started in today’s episode, I’d like to thank show supporters Philip Go and James Caine. much appreciated. I would also like to thank mega-supporter Chris Hirano, for his continued support. much appreciated and much love. If you want to be a show contributor you can always buy us a coffee at There’s a link above. Let’s get started with today’s episode.
Today we are finishing up our multi part series on Technical Fouls and National Federation of High School basketball rules. Today we’re covering Bench Technicals. A very important area of the game, and one that emphasizes the fact that we need to know not just that we’re going to assess “a Technical Foul.”
We need to know if we are going to assess:
an Administrative Technical Foul,
a Team Technical Foul,
a Substitute Technical Foul,
a Player Technical Foul, or
a Bench Technical Foul.
Each one of those carries subtly different restrictions and penalties and has different effects. We need to know the correct Technical Foul to assess. it’s absolutely essential if we’re going to consider ourselves Basketball Rules Experts, and the game wants us to be experts when it comes to adjudicating plays like this.
Let’s get started with Rule 10 Section 5: Bench Technical and go immediately to the beginning because it’s important to set the framework.
The head coach is responsible for his or her own conduct and behavior as well as substitutes, disqualified team members and all other bench personnel.
The head coach is responsible for their own behavior. This is a given. But in addition, they are responsible for the behavior of bench personnel, bench personnel, as we remember from last episode, Rule 4 Section 34. A player is one of five team members who are legally on the court. Bench personnel are all individuals who are part of or affiliated with a team including but not limited to substitutes, coaches, managers, statisticians.
Rule 4-34 Players, Bench Personnel, Substitutes, Team Members

Support the Show!

Enjoy the Show? Consider Buying us a Cup!

During an intermission all team members are bench personnel for the purpose of penalizing unsporting behavior. A head coach has assistant coaches. Maybe he has a statistician who’s keeping stats on our iPad and electronic device legal rule has a team manager wearing a nice spiffy sweater. They’re helping the players with their warm up equipment, they’re getting players water during breaks, etc. And then we have team members who are team members. A team member is a player who is eligible to participate. All of these people are bench personnel by rule and the head coach is responsible for their behavior. When they are bench personnel. They have that responsibility.
Rule 10 Section 5 Article one commit an unsporting foul and this includes but is not limited to acts or conduct such as
  • a disrespectfully addressing an official
  • b attempting to influence it officials decision
  • c using profane or inappropriate language or obscene gestures.
  • D disrespectfully addressing baiting or taunting an opponent.
Note. National Federation of High School disapproves of any form of taunting, which is intended or designed to embarrass, ridicule or demean others under any circumstances, including on the basis of race, religion, gender, or national origin.
Disrespectfully addressing an official, attempting to influence an officials decision using inappropriate language or obscene gestures, or disrespectfully addressing baiting or taunting opposing player when they get in close proximity to the bench or from afar.
objecting to an official’s decision by rising from the bench or using gestures to hand gesticulations. Showing disapproval of officials’ decisions. The wave off would be a great example.
F. inciting, undesirable crowd reactions official makes a call. fans don’t like it. They express their disapproval by booing. That’s part of the game. The coach turns around and says, Yeah, yeah, let’s get some more booing and tries to amp the crowd up, you know with a negative reaction. That is not acceptable behavior by the coach or anybody on the bench could be an assistant coach could be bench personnel of team members. It could be the statistician
G. being charged with Fighting, fighting in National Federation of High School basketball, immediate disqualification and penalties on top of that, fighting obviously a no no.
H, removing the jersey and or pants or skirt within the visual confines of the playing area and we can’t change our uniform in the visual confines. If a player needs to remove a jersey and or pants. They need to leave the visual confines potentially go to the locker room to do so.
I grasping either basket except to prevent injury, dunking or attempting to dunk or stuff a dead ball. This is where a team member status comes into play and why we need to be experts in this area. pregame.
A1 goes up and throws down a fantastic dunk. Pre-game dunking is specifically made illegal by this rule. Before the game begins, he’s not a player. He’s a team member — he is bench personnel by rule.
The actions of bench personnel go against the head coach. If we had a pregame dunk by A1 that’s a player Technical on A1, that’ll be one team foul towards bonus, one foul towards disqualification
with two Technicals or five fouls for that player, also the head coaches responsible for this team member during this time, his actions are indirectly affecting the head coach. We’ll get to indirect Technical Fouls in just a little bit. That’s Article One,
Article two into the court unless by permission of an official to attend an injured player. Coaches or bench personnel are not allowed to enter the court except to an attending to an injured player who might come on to the court attend to an injured player, a trainer and assistant coach may come on to attend to a different player. Maybe the player is injured they have to be removed. two team members come off the bench and help support the player as they make their way to the bench all legal. article three use alcohol or any form of tobacco product again no vaping on the bench article for stand at the team bench while the clock is running or is stopped and must remain seated except the head coach can stand by rule in the coaching box be when a team member is reporting to the scores table. “Megan, you’re in. Go get Jennifer.”
Number 12 rises and goes to the table to report and wait awaits being beckoned into the game by an official. That is legal action. During a charge timeout as in 511 or the intermission between quarters and extra periods. Players can stand during timeouts. The Time Out Area is defined as 28 foot line to the end line, far lane line through the bench area. That is the timeout area
D. to spontaneously react to an outstanding play by a team member or to acknowledge a replaced player but must immediately return to his or her seat. Bench personnel does a fantastic play a great defensive rejection of a shot everybody rises in unison gesticulating wildly. This is an important part of the game and this is in no way suppressed by the rules. Players and bench personnel are allowed to react to the game as it occurs. We allow time for reaction and then their responsibility is to again be seated. That would be everybody except the head coach who has the privilege to stand and coach their team within the coaching area.
Let’s look at penalties for this section. First of all, any penalty is charged to the offender. If the assistant coach says something unsporting and is assessed Bench Technical on that individual. If that individual and adult is one of their two Technicals towards ejection. Since they are an adult, it is added as a team foul and is also indirectly charged to the head coach because the head coach is responsible for the actions of all bench personnel. Their actions if they had taken action that leads to a Technical Foul on them individually or as a group that is indirectly charged to the head coach. If the action is Flagrant, obviously, the offender, if they are adult is ejected if they are a player are disqualified to the bench area for the remainder of the game. Obviously, the penalty for any Technical Foul is two free throws and the ball for the offended team at the division line opposite the table. In terms of penalties when it comes to some of the items addressed in Article One, disrespectfully addressing an official attempting to influence an official decision, using inappropriate language inciting, desirable crowd reactions, these kind of things NFHS given officials the ability to provide an official warning to the bench for the behavior, and a chance to give an effort to avoid the Technical Foul and make the game better.
This does not mean that a warning must first be given. And before a Technical Foul can be assessed. That is not the case. The official has their judgment and their leeway, completely way in order to immediately assess a Technical Foul for any of these actions. But nfhs has given the officials the ability to have that tool available to them and it’s fantastic tool if used properly. Like all tools. Article five, leave the confines of the bench during a fight or when a fight may occur. Note the head coach and any number of assistant coaches may enter the court in the situation where a fight may break out, or has broken out to prevent the situation from escalating. This is a relatively new rule. as many assistants as necessary may enter the court when a fight may or has broken out in an effort to keep it from escalating. This is fantastic addition to the rules. We don’t want things to escalate in these situations. Let’s do a brief review.
The head coach is responsible for themselves and they are responsible for all bench personnel, bench personnel.
their identity as bench personnel changes throughout the game. Everybody’s bench personnel, there’s a cycle they become a substitute, they become a player etc. But coaches assistant coaches, statisticians, team managers etc. Never been a part of that cycle. The head coach is responsible for their behavior. Any Technical Fouls received by bench personnel are indirectly related to the head coach. The head coach is ejected from the game for one Flagrant Technical Foul, for two Technical Fouls or for any combination of three direct and indirect Technical Fouls.
If the Head Coach receives, say, two indirect Technical Fouls. Assistant coach one and assistant coach two each receive Technical Fouls during the first half. The head coach receives a direct Technical Foul later in the game. Since the total is three, that coach is ejected by rule.
With the first Technical Foul directly on a head coach or indirectly, the coach loses their privilege to stand and coach their team. They must remain seated. All bench personnel must remain seated expect except under certain circumstances, if they rise because of a play or a timeout or any other reason they need to resume being seated. As with all Technical Fouls for an individual: one Flagrant they’re ejected or disqualified, two Technical Fouls they’re ejected or disqualified. If it’s a team member, and they get to five personal fouls, they are disqualified. Students are disqualified to the bench area, adults are ejected.
That’s going to wrap up this video basket a wrap up this series of videos. Thanks everybody for sticking with us all the way through. If this kind of content has value for you as a basketball official, number one priority number one, hit subscribe below. Hit the notify Bell you don’t want to miss anything.
With this video on Bench Technical Fouls; head coach related fouls, we have completed the cycle. the four episodes of this series on Technical Fouls in National Federation of High School basketball rules. I hope this has been a great reminder for experienced officials, but also a chance for new officials to learn the ins and outs of the rules and understand the important principles.
Understanding what the penalty is for Technical Fouls but also the critical importance that we know the status? The answer to the question is not Technical Foul? The answer to the question is
an Administrative Technical Foul,
a Team Technical Foul,
a Substitute Technical Foul,
a Player Technical Foul, or
a Bench Technical Foul.
That’s the answer to the question.
Once we know what the Technical is outside of just being a Technical Foul, then we can administer properly we know the restrictions in each category. We know Bench Technicals are the ultimate responsibility of the head coach and what the issues are there.
In addition, we’ve learned that Technical Fouls have a window of opportunity for us to assess a penalty. We need to know those windows so that we can address and assess properly. If the window has passed, the window has passed. We want to adjudicate plays correctly. And that means knowing the rules, that means endeavoring to become a Basketball Rules Expert.
As we do with every episode, we have a quiz available back at the website, The link to the quiz is above.
As always, if you want to support the show, you can always buy us a coffee. The link is above
Additional video content as always is available here. Make your selection. Choose wisely. And we’ll see you in the next video.

More to Explore

backcourt violations in National Federation of High School Basketball Rules


Confused about backcourt violation in High School Basketball? In this video we break it down in easy to understand terms. We cover the differences between High School rules and NCAA and NBA. If you want to make sure to never miss another backcourt violation call again, stick around!

We have 6 play scenarios for review. In the end you should be an expert at making backcourt violation ruling in National Federation of High School Basketball Rules!

A Better Official Logo

Support the Show!

Enjoy the Podcast? Consider Buying us a Cup!

have a rules question?

Submit a Question or Play Scenario!