How to officiate restricted area plays. NCAA women’s basketball [2018]

how to officiate restricted area plays

How do we officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball?

When it comes to how to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball, understanding the roles and responsibilities for each position on the crew is critical for getting these plays right.

There are three parts in this video:

  1. Is an excerpt from the preseason video of a couple years ago. June Corteau goes through some RA plays and proper mechanics etc
  2. An animated video produced by NCAA which will diagram explicitly the LDB and aspects of RA plays
  3. We’ll go to some plays from my games and I’ll talk about what we need to do as officials as a crew to get these plays right alright let’s get started

June Corteau covers How to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball:

  • “The restricted area is in effect when the player with the ball starts or moved to the basket outside the LDB. The restricted area is not in effect when the player with the ball starts or moved to the basket inside the LDB.
  • A secondary defender is considered to be in the restricted area when any part of either foot is in or above this area.
  • In all fast-break situations all defensive players are initially secondary defenders until they establish legal guarding position outside the RA.
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On this Center side drive three red beats her primary defender and charges into the secondary defender who is located in the restricted area to take a charge. the Lead official calls the blocking foul and points to the RA. the Center is responsible for the primary defender on the backside of this play. great call and accurate signal.

Play 1

the highlighted secondary defender did not establish initial legal guarding position before her opponent has left the floor. she is late on this play. blocking is the correct call. the official displays the correct blocking signal and even though the secondary defender is in the RA the official correctly does not point to the RA. remember when you point to the RA you are saying that the secondary defender is illegal only because she is in the RA. this secondary defender is illegal because she did not establish legal guarding position prior to the offensive player leaving the floor. good call!

Play 2

The highlighted secondary defender does not establish initial legal guarding position outside the RA when the illegal contact occurs. This is a blocking foul for being in the restricted area to take a charge. when the illegal contact occurred on this play if the defender would have been outside the RA this would have been a player control foul. it is important that we show the correct signal on these types of plays to communicate to our partners players coaches and media why this is a blocking foul. when calling a blocking foul on a secondary defender because she was located in the restricted area on a play that originated outside the LDB the calling official must sound the whistle and raise one hand fist clenched and show a blocking signal then point to the RA.

Play 3

The highlighted offensive player receives the ball and makes her move to the basket inside the LDB the RA is off this is a straight up block charge play. 50 purple gets to the spot first and establishes initial legal guarding position. the offensive player charges into the legal defender. This is a player control foul. the Lead referees the players in his primary area and has a great view of the defender and the offensive player. accurate call and quality mechanics!”

 

Animated Instructional Portion How to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball:

The Lower Defensive Box also referred to as the LDB is an imaginary box on the floor that uses four marks the two tick marks on the endline and both second Lane space marks on the free-throw Lane as reference points this box is used to determine a player control or blocking foul on a secondary defender located in the restricted area when a player with the ball starts her move from within the LDB there is no restricted area otherwise when a player with the ball starts her move from outside the LDB the restricted area rule is still in effect. Let’s illustrate the rule first with plays that originate from outside the Lower Defensive Box.

Play 1

White 34 is outside the LDB when she starts her move to the basket. she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who had established legal guarding position outside the restricted area. This is, and always has been, a player control foul on white 34 because blue 10 had established a legal guarding position outside the restricted area.

in this play white 34 again is outside the LDB when she starts her move to the basket she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who had established her initial guarding position inside the restricted area and remained in the restricted area. This is a blocking foul on blue ten because she established an initial guarding position in the restricted area on a player who was outside the LDB when she started her move to the basket this has been the rule since 2011. now let’s look at plays that start from within the Lower Defensive Box.

Play 2

White 50 has the ball inside the LDB when she starts her move to the basket. she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who has legally established an initial guarding position outside the restricted area. This is and always has been a player control foul on White 50 because blue 44 had established a legal guarding position in this play.

White 50 has the ball inside the LDB when she starts her move to the basket she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who has established an initial guarding position inside the restricted area. This is a player control foul on White 50 because she started her move to the basket from within the LDB and created the illegal contact on a legally established defender. A player is considered to be inside the LDB when either foot is on or within the box.

White 50 is straddling the LDB when she starts her move to the basket she beats her primary defender and runs into a secondary defender who legally established an initial guarding position inside the restricted area. This is a player control foul on White 50 because she started her move to the basket from within the LDB and created the illegal contact on a legally established defender.

 

 

Greg Austin: How to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball

The 2018 camp teaching points will be our guidance.

Our most important thing as the calling official is to just is judge the legal status of the player regardless of the line. If we can perceive the line then that’s fantastic, but first we have to just make the judgment about the players status whether they have legal guarding position. Call the play on its merits — that is job number one.

The problem is that officials are locking up — brain cramping — because they’re in doubt. They’re not sure of the position of the feet. Their brain is ultra processing and they end up making no call or the wrong call because they are tied in knots mentally.

So here is our guidance: you are freed up from any responsibility of the line make the call. Call the play on its merits and let the crew help us get the call right.

 

 

Trail is not absolved on a Center side drive. They often have the open look as to where the position of the feet of the secondary defender are.

Outside LDB as well, as the legality of the secondary help defender. The Trail and Center are responsible to have an open look on the defenders feet.

Play breakdown:

Play 1

Crew rotates great position secondary defender takes the charge right she’s clearly in the RA. This is a transition play. Calling official could easily signal from here. We want to get in their path and communicate what we have. “Partner her left foot was in the arc.” Make definitive statements. We get the play right as a crew. This is a big success for us. Lead official could come with their biggest punch — it doesn’t matter. We want to get plays right. In this situation this is an RA play and we get it right.

Play 2

Center official stays with the play. This is a pass and crash play. The arc is still in effect and the calling official accurately judges that the player had established her position. 2 feet on the floor facing the opponent prior to the offensive player going airborne. Calling official makes the determination.

The non-calling officials are responsible to know that the player was in the arc and relay that information. Here, that’s what we do as a crew.

If you are the non-calling official and have information, get in the path of the calling official. We are going to make a change to this call. We want to get to it as soon as possible. Get into the path of where they want to go.

If you are the calling official and another official is coming to you in this fashion then start to process. say “OK, they obviously have information for me.” information is given. correct procedure then is to crack indicate so that everybody knows what we have. it was a pass & crash situation, so we’d only be shooting if it was in the bonus.

That end this post on how to officiate restricted area plays in NCAA women’s basketball.

 

NCAA Camp Teaching Points 2018 (Collegiate Women’s Officials)

NCAA 2018 Camp Teaching Points

Prepared by the NCAA Women’s Basketball Mechanics Committee

I. Proper Procedures After Calling Fouls/Violations – Officials must slow down at the spot after calling a foul or violation to better communicate with partners and to ensure no illegal actions occur. Carefully assess the situation, continue to referee during dead ball scenarios, and pause to recognize double whistles.

  1. Use proper signals at the spot of the foul.
  2. As a reminder, the official must get the fist up first on all fouls or show open hand for all violations, except out of bounds and 10-second backcourt violation. Use the Punch signal at the spot when signaling a Team-Control or Player-Control Foul, DO NOT POINT.
  3. Use the proper signal at the spot to communicate the type of illegal contact called.

See spot signals and table signals (Pgs. 186-187 CCA Manual). Be fundamentally sound with signals and use consistent language.

  1. When the whistle blows, all three officials must be engaged.
  2. Keep your eyes on players and position yourself so all players are in view.

Know the status of the ball when the whistle sounds.

II. Monitor Review Reminders

– (Pgs. 177-181 CCA Manual)

a. The referee should first discuss the situation being reviewed with both partners to determine what has transpired, verify the call made on the court (it is imperative that the crew agree to a preliminary on-court ruling), discuss any applicable rules and determine exactly what will be reviewed on the monitor. Anytime the crew huddles, be mindful of player location and activity. Communicate your decision on the play to the scorer before you go to the monitor for your review. Each umpire should inform each head coach of the reason for the review and ensure that players and all bench personnel move to their respective bench areas.

b. One other official should be involved in viewing the monitor with the referee. The third official should stand halfway between the center circle and the sideline facing the table to observe the table and players in their bench areas. If the opinion of the third official is desired, that official should replace the umpire that was reviewing the play. On critical plays – all three officials should view the monitor at some point and have an opinion. Ensure coaches and players are in the bench area (28’) and continue to observe during review.

III. Court Coverage/Positioning Reminders

To ensure that all players are always observed, officials must officiate their respective areas of responsibility. The primary official should have the only whistle when a foul/violation occurs in her/his primary. When the primary official does not have a whistle on a foul/violation that is OBVIOUS, then another official should make the call when it occurs in her/his secondary. The only time there should be a double whistle is when there is uncertainty in whose primary the foul/violation occurred.

a. Frontcourt coverage on drives to the basket.

i. Drives down the lane and below the free-throw line:

Lead is responsible for the play all the way to the basket.

Lead has primary responsibility for block/charge plays. Center and Trail have secondary responsibility.

Lead has primary responsibility for plays at the rim with the Center and Trail having secondary responsibility.

Center and Trail have dual coverage responsibility when a player pulls up for a shot or a pass.

Expect Lead will make the call. No need for a double whistle from Center.

ii. When a player with the ball curls towards an official — that official should make the necessary call.

iii. Drives originating from the Trail toward the Lead: Lead is responsible for the play.

iv. Drives originating from the Center position to the basket.

Center is responsible for the primary defender. The Center will have a primary whistle on plays involving the primary defender and will have a cadence whistle on the secondary/help defender. Position adjust to create the best angle possible to maintain an open look on the primary defender for block/charge or point of contact fouls.

Once the primary defender is beaten, the Center will continue to officiate this defender from the backside to watch for trips, pushes, hits and swipes from behind (provided the matchup remains competitive).

Lead will have primary coverage responsibilities for refereeing the secondary/help defender. The Lead will pinch the paint and pick up the A to B movement and restricted area position involving any secondary/help defenders. The Lead will have a primary whistle on plays involving the secondary/help defender and a cadence whistle on plays involving the primary defender.

Trail should move one to two steps onto the floor and stay connected to the Secondary/help defender, as the Trail may have the only open look on the play. Trail should have a cadence whistle when ASSISTING in this situation.

v. Primary officials must be given the first opportunity to make the call in their primary area. Obvious contact in your secondary area must be called with a cadence whistle.

vi. Cadence – the timing or rhythm of the whistle in an official’s secondary coverage area.

NOTE: If the cadence whistle occurs at the same time as the primary whistle, then the cadence whistle was blown too soon.

IV. Coverage of 3-Point shots

requires official to position adjust to first referee the defender and to see possible fouls.

  1. Position adjust, if needed, to referee the defender and screening action in their primary area.
  2. Keep head up to referee illegal contact.
  3. Use peripheral vision to locate the 3-pt line.
  4. Take the shooter up and down to referee landing space.
  5. Adjust for rebounding coverage.

V. Restricted Area, LDB & Help Coverage

a. The primary official must first referee the legal guarding position of the secondary/help defender, then pick up the line.

b. Dribble drive play goes down the lane: Lead needs to be no nearer than the close down position to referee the legality of the secondary/help defender. Trail and Center must position adjust to provide help when needed as to the location of the player with the ball when she started her move to the basket as well as the legality of the secondary/help defender.

c. Dribble drive to the basket originates from Center: Lead has primary coverage of the secondary defender. Center has secondary coverage of the secondary/help defender. Trail must position adjust one to two steps onto the floor and stay connected to the secondary/help defender, as often the Trail will have the only open look to judge the legality of the secondary/help defender. The Trail will provide help when needed as to the location of the player with the ball when she started her move to the basket (LDB), as well as the legality of the secondary/help defender.

d. Dribble drive originates on strongside: Center and Trail must position adjust to provide help when needed as to the location of the player with the ball when she started her move to the basket, as well as the legality of the secondary/help defender.

e. With the increased size of the Restricted Area, expect more plays in this area. Center and Trail MUST be ready to execute LDB and RA help coverage.

VI. Rebounding Officiating – Get the first foul – Hooks, Holds, Hacks

a. When the ball is in the air on the way to the basket.

b. When the ball is coming off the rim.

c. When a rebound is secured.

d. Call the first foul. The potential for unsportsmanlike or disqualifying fouls increases if we miss calling the first foul after the rebound has been secured.

VII. Free Throw Coverage and Responsibilities

Pages 66-71 CCA Manual.

VIII. Monitor Review Signal

  1. Change the Record the Game Time signal (pg. 191 of CCA Manual) to Monitor Review signal.
  2. Continue using signals as diagrammed in the CCA Manual. Officials should use the signal which best corresponds to the illegal act committed.
  1. Points of Emphasis 2018-2019 (Will be provided after the Rules Committee Meeting).