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A quick format basketball rules quiz for basketball referees. How many of the play scenarios would you get right using National Federation of High School Basketball Rules?

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Show Transcript

Our First Ever Mailbag Edition

basketball rules expert mailbag episode

We’re back again for another episode of the Basketball Rules Expert. The show where we take National Federation of High School rules, lift them off the printed page, breathe life into them. simplify, clarify, amplify and then give them back to you in a format you could take with you on to the basketball court where it is most important. greetings again everybody my name is Greg Austin with where we help basketball officials get better and take control of their officiating career. I’m a basketball official here in the San Francisco Bay Area and I have been for over a decade. I consider myself to be a Basketball Rules Expert. This show is all about helping you on your journey to becoming a Basketball Rules Expert as well.

Shout out to our Awesome Show Supporters

before we get started today i have to give a shout out to show supporters

  • Dick Schmidt
  • Ed Knaggs
  • Jose Lansang Jr
  • Owen Lambourne

Much appreciated and much love. If you want to support the show you can always buy us a coffee.

We’re going to get started with something different, a Mailbag Episode. we’re going to answer viewer questions from previous episodes and about basketball rules in general. You can submit a question for a future episode HERE.

let’s get started with our very first question

A2 catches the ball in the imaginary cylinder

Bret Temple (via YouTube) if player A1 throws an alley-oop to A2 who catches the ball directly over the rim in the imaginary cylinder is this offensive basket interference?

in a word yes! yes it is. basket interference does not require that the contacting of the ball in the imaginary cylinder would be a part of a try for goal. it could be a pass. it could be a throw-in pass. it could be a pass from a player on the court. it doesn’t require that it’s a try and contacting the ball while it is in the imaginary cylinder. by either team contacting the ball is a basket interference violation by rule.

Roger Meier: “in a previous video you made an error about what the timeout area boundaries are. maybe issue a correction.”the time-out area boundaries IN NFHS Rules

Roger, thank you! thank you we absolutely misspoke in a video about the timeout area. The timeout area is important. It’s the 28 foot line to the end line, the nearest lane line and the bench area that defines the timeout area for teams to be in during a timeout. roger, thank you so much for pointing it out. much appreciated and much love.



Danny Chapman (via YouTube) says, “my son was reffing and he had this last week A1 shot the ball B1 slaps the backboard to show off. the ball does not go in. He called the technical and the basket good. is that correct?Q3 - B1 slaps backboard. Ruled a T and goal scored

In the episode in which we covered this, we noted that it is a commonly misapplied rule. the slapping of the backboard, while it may be deemed a Player Technical by the official

cannot be ruled basket interference or goaltending. the slapping of the backboard has no effect on it for either of those rules. your son was very likely correct in assessing the Technical Foul but not correct in scoring the goal by rule


Kenny Mock asks, “is it possible for me to send you clips of plays to have you review them?”
You can always send us clips of plays to A Better Official. I look forward to seeing your plays Kenny!Can I send a better official clips for analysis?



mae2759 via YouTube asks, “is the division line in the frontcourt or the backcourt or neither?Q4 - Is the division line in the frontcourt or the backcourt?
you know it’s a simple question but it’s a really good question. where could we find the answer? Our good friend, Rule 4!
Rule 4, section 13 defines court areas.
article 1
a team’s front court consists of that part of the court between its endline and the nearer edge of the division line including its basket and the inbounds part of the backboard.
that would be five of the six sides

Q5 - Is the division line in the frontcourt or backcourt?of the backboard
article 2 here’s our definition
a team’s back court consists of the rest of the court including the entire division line and the opponent’s basket and inbounds part of the opponent’s backboard.
by rule the division line is always in the back court if Team A has the ball the division line is in their backcourt and if Team B has the ball the division line is in their backcourt it changes status from a to b but it’s always by rule in the backcourt great question let’s move on now



super supporter tony dye (via YouTube) asks if a team warning for delay has already been issued and later during a throw in the defense reaches across the boundary line a second time and contacts the basketball it will result in a Player Technical Foul. but do they also get a Team Technical for violating the plane after a team warning for delay had been given?Q6 - Confusion 2 Technicals Assessed?

An excellent question! in our video on throw-ins where we covered this, we left it open. I said I didn’t know the answer to that.

it makes sense that that would also be deserving of a Technical Foul it doesn’t seem that there would be two technicals assessed. i left it open but to the rescue comes Dennis Hall (via YouTube) Dennis points out that there’s a case play that covers this very question
case play 10.4.1 situation D:
A1 is out of bounds for a throw-in. B1 reaches through the boundary plane and knocks the ball out of A1’s hands. earlier in the game Team B had received a team warning for delay.
that’s our play scenario that tony brings up!

NFHS Case Play 10.4.1.SitD
Ruling: Even though Team B has already issued a Warning for Team Delay, when B1 breaks the plane and subsequently contacts the ball in the thrower’s hand it is considered to be the same act and the end result is penalized. a Player Technical Foul is assessed to B1 for contacting the basketball. two free throws and a division line throw in for Team A will follow. the previous Warning for Team Delay still applies with any subsequent team delay resulting in a Team Technical Foul.
that clarifies the situation completely and we owe a huge thank you to Dennis Hall (via YouTube) for pointing out that fact. feedback is always welcomed on our videos. the whole idea is that we can all get better together


jeff wright (via YouTube) wouldn’t the ball be dead as soon as the defender reached through the boundary plane so only the Team Technical for a second delay would be penalized and not the foulQ7 - Dead Ball First on Throw-in?

This comment refers to our previous play that tony brought up where a player reaches through but let’s think it through we just had a case play that said in this instance we don’t go back in time and say okay well once they broke the plane the ball was dead for a team delay we don’t do that we wait to see the result of the play now if we gave the ball to at the disposal of a thrower and a player the defensive player swiped across the boundary line and missed

right the officials just about to rule a violation they come again and the whistle sounds just prior you know etc just prior to the contacting of the ball then we could in theory have before i contacted the ball i have a dead ball warning for delay Team Technical off we go right that scenario could exist but if that in that brief amount of time the officials not allowed not able to make that ruling then the ruling stands on that play thanks for the question jeff

Nafur Re writes Must you give a warning before issuing a Technical Foul?Q8 - Always a warning before a Technical?

right this is a common question nfhs actually came out with a clarification to clarify that officials are not required to issue a warning prior to issuing a Technical Foul however they may issue a warning when the offense is judged to not be major the rationale is to clarify the official does not have to give a warning to the coach the warning is one of the tools used to help improve behavior before a Technical Foul is given it is not necessary it is just a tool that the officials have to help deal with potential problems with a coach or the bench if the coach is deserving of a Technical Foul we do not have to give them a warning first it’s as simple as that their actionsNFHS 10-6-Penalty

if they warrant a Technical Foul receive a Technical Foul now if the officials feel they could use a warning to help address behavior that’s approaching be deserving of a Technical Foul then they can use that tool it’s a fantastic tool that we have at our availability and one that has really made the game better

dan grangood (via YouTube) asks how can a foul of any kind be called after the horn sounds to end the gameQ9 How can a foul be called after time expires!?!

in general at the end of the game officials are making their way off the court now i know in some parts of the country there are requirements that officials potentially stay for handshakes or some post-game activity of some sort but in most instances across the country gay men’s officials are leaving okay that being said officials cannot disregard egregious behavior by a coach or a player it’s super easy to imagine a scenario right where the coach uh you know comes at the officials and pushes them we’re not going to assess a Technical Foul that’s a flagrant technical maybe the game has ended maybe it has no bearing on the game but we’re going to assess that Technical Foul. we have the power to assess that Technical Foul after the fact. if the Technical Foul could lead to a possible overtime or changing the result of the game we’re going to stop and come back and assess that Technical Foul. Then shoot the appropriate free throws and go through the proper procedures. it’s possible! it’s not too hard to imagine a scenario where a player, or a team member, or the head coach, or an assistant coach just does something absolutely egregious and can’t be ignored. thanks dan!

dave rush (via YouTube) in reality how many officials will T someone up after the horn where the offending team is up by 2?Q10 - How many officials will actually assess this T?

it’s happened, and it will happen again. I had an instance at the end of a game where we were on the verge of that exact same scenario. The head coach who won by two comes at the crew questioning, accusing etc. now what’s our motivation as officials? well why don’t we stick it around and hash this out and maybe we can get a Technical Foul go no our motivation is this game is over we’re leaving. but if the coach provides no opportunity for that by doing something egregious, then absolutely by rule a Technical Foul would be deserved. we would administer and see what happens in the game. absolutely. it’s gonna happen again. thanks dave!

thank you for joining us today for the Basketball Rules Expert Mailbag Edition if you find value in the content time to do all the things like subscribe hit notify and share the video content with others special thanks again today to our show supporters:

  • Dick Schmidt
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Much appreciated and much love. if you want to be a supporter of the Basketball Rules Expert show you can always buy us a coffee there’s a link above and in the show notes below or just head over to we always have additional video content for you. We’ll see you in the very next video.

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