Basketball Rules Expert – Episode 3

basketball rules expert episode 3
This episode is the first in a short series on the Throw-in. Throw-in is one of the three restarts in the game of basketball. As with all of the restarts, understanding when they start and when they end is paramount. Understanding the rules and restrictions during the restart is also critical. When an official understand both, they are well on their way to becoming a Basketball Rules Expert!

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This Episode Show Notes

This episode is the first in a short series on the Throw-in. Throw-in is one of the three restarts in the game of basketball. As with all of the restarts, understanding when they start and when they end is paramount. Understanding the rules and restrictions during the restart is also critical. When an official understand both, they are well on their way to becoming a Basketball Rules Expert!


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Basketball Rules Expert Podcast takes the rules off the printed page, breathes life into them, so officials can have them on the court where it’s most important.

Twice weekly episodes focused on NFHS National Federation of High Schools Basketball Rules.
We take the rules off of the printed page, breath life into them, and give them to officials so they can take them with them onto the court where it it most important.

 

 

 


Special thanks to:
Hair & Makeup: Rosie
Photography Best Boy: Grace
Sound Tech: Gus

Theme music: Parasail/ Silent Witness

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Show Transcript

Episode 3 Throw-Ins in NFHS High School Basketball Rules

Greetings everyone and welcome back to another episode of basketball rules expert. the show where we discuss national federation of high school basketball rules. We lift them off of the printed page, breathe life into them; clarify, simplify, and present it back to you in a fashion that you can take with you onto the basketball court. This helps you have the confidence to know that you can adjudicate any situation that arises on the court.

Greetings my name is greg austin with abetterofficial.com where we craft audio and video to help basketball officials get better and take control of their officiating career. today we’re going to start a multi-part series on throw-ins one of the restarts in the game of basketball. We’ll be focusing on designated spot throw-ins that are not a/p throw-ins so let’s get started.

Throw-in is one of the three ways we have to restart the game of basketball.

  • The thrower on a throw-in is the player who will attempt
  • The designated spot on a throw-in is an area that is three feet wide and extends back until we run out of room. It could be a wall or some stands or some people. 
  • The spot extends back from the edge of the court backwards: three feet wide. The thrower has a responsibility to keep one of their feet above the throw-in area designated spot at all times until they release the ball on the throw-in.

the throw-in begins when the ball is at the disposal of the thrower

  • If we bounce the ball to the thrower and they catch it the throw-in has begun.
  • If we hand the ball to the thrower and they hold it the throw-in has begun
  • In rare circumstance using resumption of play procedure we may put the ball on the floor (if they don’t make a thrower available) and then it would also be considered to be at the disposal

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When the ball is at the disposal of the thrower they have 5 seconds in which to release the throw-in pass onto the court.

The official begins a five-second count and that count continues until five seconds is reached or the ball is released onto the court.

We know a throw-in begins when the ball is at the disposal of the thrower.

We must know when the throw-in ends. Remember restarts are very brief interludes in in which there’s a beginning and an end.

During this period of time there’s a special set of rules and restrictions that are brought into the game of basketball. those restrictions go away the moment the restart (in this case a throw-in) ends, so we have to know when the throw-in ends.

We have a thrower out of bounds we have nine players on the court:

four teammates of the thrower and five defensive players

when the throw-in is released onto the court and it touches any player the throw-in has ended.

that’s one of the ways a throw-in can end the other is the ball touches out of bounds or touches a player out of bounds, in which case we’d have an out of bounds violation and the final way that a throw-in can end is by a

throw-in violation by the throwing team. those are the three ways:

  • touch any player on the court
  • touch out of bounds or a player out of bounds
  • or throw-in team commits a violation

 

Restrictions During a Throw-In

Let’s talk about the restrictions during a throw-in. Again, this is a brief period of time: it could last as little as one second it could last

seven or eight seconds 

 

hmm how could a throw-in last seven or eight seconds? wait till you get to our quiz we’ll have a link to the show notes at the end of the show that’s a puzzler

 

We’ve talked about the definitions we know when we start when we end we

know where our thrower is we know what a designated spot is.

let’s talk now about the restrictions that are in place; special rules are in place only during the throw-in.

the thrower

the thrower obviously has to release the throw-in pass within five seconds this is a given. they have to keep at least one foot above the throw-in

spot which is an area three feet wide. they must release the throw-in pass directly onto the court.

the thrower cannot pass the ball to a teammate who’s extending their arms out-of-bounds. that’s not allowed. the throw-in pass has

to be in the direction of the court.

the thrower may not step onto the court holding the basketball

throwers restricted in that way and the

thrower cannot be the first player to touch the ball once it is on the court

They cannot make a throw-in pass and go run and be the first person to touch the ball

that’s a that’s a restriction on the thrower

the thrower may not throw the ball into a basket that is a throw-in violation

thrower may not throw the ball so it becomes lodged between the basket and the backboard

that is also a throw-in violation the final restriction on the thrower is that their throw-in pass must be touched by a player

on the court in the absence of a touch we have a throw-in violation

those are the restrictions on the thrower.

teammates of the thrower

he’s got four teammates involved. those teammates must stay on the court during a designated spot throw-in

a teammate of the thrower is not allowed to come and replace the thrower when the throw and the throw-in has begun so that’s teammates

defensive players

defensive players have but a single restriction on them: no part of their body may penetrate the imaginary plane that’s formed at the

edge of the court. they cannot reach through that boundary plane and extend any body part. the restriction on that ends when the ball is released by the thrower,

not when the throw-in ends. when the ball is released by the thrower they can then extend a part of their body through the imaginary plane. that’s the

sole restriction on defensive players during a throw-in

Penalty for a Throw-in Violation

those are the restrictions during a throw-in. We’ve got restrictions on

  • the thrower
  • teammates of the thrower
  • and the opponents

the penalty for a throw-in violation is the ball to the opponent at the spot of the throw-in. it’s as simple as that: ball to the opponent for a designated spot throw-in at the

spot of the throw-in. that’s the penalty

summary

that’s a basic brief overview of a designated spot throw-in that is not an a/p throw-in all right let’s look at

some questions

question What is the result if Team A‘s throw-in lodges between the basket and the backboard?

  • a no violation the alternating possession arrow determines which team gets the ensuing throw-in
  • b Team A has committed a throw-in violation and the ensuing throw-in is awarded to Team B.
  • c Team A has committed a throw-in violation and the ensuing throw-in is awarded based on the alternating possession arrow
  • d none of the above

our thrower has the ball for throw-in releases the throw-in pass onto the court but the ball lodges between the basket and the backboard what is the ruling?

the ruling can be found in rule 9-2 section 8 the thrown ball must not become lodged between the backboard and ring or come to rest on the flange before it touches or is touched by another player. so this action is clearly illegal by rule this would result in a throw-in violation the ball goes to the opponent

of the thrower at the spot of the throw-in

NFHS Signal 7 - Throw-In Designation And Throw-In Designated Spot Violation

question a1 has a throw-in along the endline. a1 throws the ball in bounds but no player touches the ball. a1 runs after the ball and is the first to touch it

near the division line. What is the result?

  • a throw-in violation by a1 endline throw-in for Team B
  • b no violation plays shall resume uninterrupted
  • c Team B receives a throw-in nearest the spot where a1 touched the ball at the division line
  • d none of the above

 

What has occurred on this play?

The rule can be found in rule 9-2 section six: the thrown ball must not touch the thrower in the court before it touches or is touched by another player.

so in our play no other player had touched the ball.  the thrower was the first to touch the ball so a throw-in violation has

occurred.  When we look at the possible answers one of them is a throw-in violation endline throw-in for Team B

that is the correct answer, but many might go for option c because it seems logical: Team B receives a throw-in nearest the spot where

a1 touched the ball at the division line.

It can seem that the violation occurred at that spot but understand this:

this is a throw-in violation and that the penalty for a throw-in violation is always a throw-in for the opponent back at the original spot.

Say a player has an endline throw-in throws a baseball pass or a a football pass all the way down the length of the court. It goes untouched and out of bounds on the

other endline. since we have a throw-in violation on the play we go all the way back to the original spot.

always the penalty for a throw-in violation is a throw-in for the opponent at the original spot of the throw-in

 

question

during a designated spot throw-in which is the thrower allowed to do?

a dribble or bounce the ball

b hand the ball to a teammate in bounds

c both a and b

d hand the ball to a teammate out of bounds

okay players standing out of bounds and a they’re dribbling or bouncing the basketball

is this legal? we need to know that

there’s a lot of confusion about this out in the real world and this is specifically legal by rule

mentioned in rule 4-42

in a note: the thrower must keep one foot on or over the designated spot until the ball is released. the traveling and dribbling rules are

not in effect for a throw-in.

Always remember that during restarts

during the life of a restart we bring in

special rules and restrictions

but we also disregard

some existing rules and restrictions in

the game when a thrower is out of bounds

there are no dribbling or traveling restrictions they can move their feet they can do the cha cha cha as long as one or more feet is always over the designated spot area

important understand that also

It is important to understand that when we have a restart and we fully

understand the restrictions we know what players are not allowed to

Do that’s the important thing to focus on Because during restarts a million and one things are going to happen

a player is going to step out of bounds and do something super unusual: they’re going to start singing, they’re going to stand on their head.

They’re going to do one of those soccer plays where they run, put the ball on the floor, flip over, and throw the ball down the length of the court. all of these things may occur in your game.

there’s a thousand and one things that can occur. we can’t be distracted by that we just have to focus on what is prohibited, what the restrictions are by rule and then we’ll be wildly successful. That is going to wrap it up for this episode of basketball rules expert.

As we do with every episode we’ve created a quiz at abetterofficial.com the link to the quiz is above. As always if you want to support the show feel free to buy us a coffee at abetterofficial.com/coffee. The link is above. Links for both will be down in the show description as well. If you haven’t already done so hit like and subscribe below.

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Next on your agenda is to click one of these two videos to help you to become a better official. We’ll see you in the next video.

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